We noticed you’re blocking ads

Thanks for visiting CRSTG | Europe Edition. Our advertisers are important supporters of this site, and content cannot be accessed if ad-blocking software is activated.

In order to avoid adverse performance issues with this site, please white list https://crstodayeurope.com in your ad blocker then refresh this page.

Need help? Click here for instructions.

Digital Supplement | Sponsored and Supplied by Glaukos

iStent inject® W: A Game Changer for Clinical Practice

MIGS devices have come to the forefront of the glaucoma landscape, challenging the paradigm of patient care. Notably, the iStent inject® W (Glaukos) has emerged as a valuable tool for interventional glaucoma, transforming the way we approach patients with mild to moderate disease. It is tempting to think about the ideal patient for the iStent inject® W, focusing primarily on aspects of the disease and treatment targets and goals. My experience with the iStent® technologies in clinical practice has been transformative to the way I care for patients. Rather than thinking about the treatment first, I now think about treating the patient first. This, in my opinion, includes considering the iStent inject® W for all glaucoma patients undergoing cataract surgery who have no contraindications for the procedure. We must think about patients’ best long-term interests and involve them in the treatment decision.


Combining the iStent inject® W with cataract surgery in patients with mild to moderate glaucoma can help reduce their medication burden, improve their quality of life, and reduce the progression of their functional disease1. Performing a trabecular microbypass procedure earlier in the disease state helps curb the progression of functional disease over time.

The iStent technologies have traditionally been reserved for patients with mild to moderate glaucoma, especially those taking medications for other conditions such as ocular surface disease and those patients who have difficulty instilling their eye drops such as those with arthritis.

Combining procedures also shifts patients from a moderate to low-risk category for disease progression.

Regardless of the target glaucoma patient population, including a trabecular microbypass strategy such as the iStent inject® W technologies as a routine procedure is important in the current management landscape.


iStent inject® W has an overall high safety profile similar to standalone cataract surgery2.

Long-term studies also demonstrate that the iStent technologies effectively lower IOP and ultimately preserve visual function and acuity. In a 5-year prospective, longitudinal case series of standalone and combined iStent inject® procedures in 125 patients with a high preoperative treatment burden, the visual field, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, and cup:disc ratio were positive (Table 1)3. Patients who underwent combined cataract and iStent procedures exhibited stable visual fields and reduced reliance on glaucoma medications over 5 years. In another study of 41 patients in low- and highrisk subgroups, only five patients required further surgery during a 7-year follow-up period. Four of the five were in the high-risk group (Table 2)4.

TABLE 1. Disease Stability: Standalone Versus Combined iStent inject Procedures

TABLE 2. Disease Stability: Low-Risk Versus High-Risk Groups


I have been implanting iStent for over 10 years. I recently performed an observational, retrospective, longitudinal cohort study of 91 well-matched patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension who underwent either cataract surgery plus the first-generation iStent (n = 47) or cataract surgery alone (n = 44).

The results showed that patients who received the iStent had statistically significantly less visual field progression and were better controlled on fewer medications. Further, 26% were medication-free at 5 years. At that time, the mean IOP reduction was 6.8 mmHg in the combination group but only 4 mmHg in the standalone group.

Patients in the combination group also had a mean reduction in medications at 5 years postoperative (2.36 to 1.39) whereas the standalone group experienced an increase in medication use (1.65 medications). Visual field changes are found in the Figure.

Figure. Data from Dr. Ahmed’s practice showing the visual field changes and medication burden 5 years after iStent implantation.


In my practice, the iStent inject® W is an important treatment modality for the management of glaucoma. It can be seamlessly integrated into our cataract surgery workflow, helping patients reduce the medication burden and maintain stable visual function at both mild to moderate stages of disease.

1. Husain R, Liang S, Foster PJ, et al. Cataract surgery after trabeculectomy: the effect on trabeculectomy function. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012;130(2):165-170.

2. Samuelson TW, Sarkisian SR Jr, Lubeck DM, et al. Prospective, randomized, controlled pivotal trial of an ab interno implanted trabecular micro-bypass in primary open-angle glaucoma and cataract: two-year results. Ophthalmology. 2019;126(6):811-821.

3. Hengerer FH, Auffarth GU, Conrad-Hengerer I. iStent inject trabecular micro-bypass with or without cataract surgery yields sustained 5-year glaucoma control. Advances in Therapy. 2022;39(3):1417-1431.

4. Ziaei H, Leon A. Manchester iStent study: long-term 7-year outcomes. Eye. 2021;35(8):2277-2282.

The views and opinions expressed here may not reflect those of Bryn Mawr Communications or Cataract & Refractive Surgery Today Global.

  • Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon, Western Eye Hospital, NHS Trust, London
  • Imperial College Ophthalmology Research Group
  • faisal.ahmed5@nhs.net
  • Financial disclosure: Consultant (Glaukos, iStar), Lecture fees (iStar)


INDICATION FOR USE: The iStent inject® W, is intended to reduce intraocular pressure safely and effectively in patients diagnosed with primary open-angle glaucoma, pseudo-exfoliative glaucoma or pigmentary glaucoma. The iStent inject® W, can deliver two (2) stents on a single pass, through a single incision. The implant is designed to stent open a passage through the trabecular meshwork to allow for an increase in the facility of outflow and a subsequent reduction in intraocular pressure. The device is safe and effective when implanted in combination with cataract surgery in those subjects who require intraocular pressure reduction and/or would benefit from glaucoma medication reduction. The device may also be implanted in patients who continue to have elevated intraocular pressure despite prior treatment with glaucoma medications and conventional glaucoma surgery. CONTRAINDICATIONS: The iStent inject® W System is contraindicated under the following circumstances or conditions: • In eyes with primary angle closure glaucoma, or secondary angle-closure glaucoma, including neovascular glaucoma, because the device would not be expected to work in such situations. • In patients with retrobulbar tumor, thyroid eye disease, Sturge-Weber Syndrome or any other type of condition that may cause elevated episcleral venous pressure. WARNINGS/PRECAUTIONS: • For prescription use only. • This device has not been studied in patients with uveitic glaucoma. • Do not use the device if the Tyvek® lid has been opened or the packaging appears damaged. In such cases, the sterility of the device may be compromised. • Due to the sharpness of certain injector components (i.e. the insertion sleeve and trocar), care should be exercised to grasp the injector body. Dispose of device in a sharps container. • iStent inject® W is MR-Conditional; see MRI Information below. • Physician training is required prior to use of the iStent inject® W system. • Do not re-use the stent(s) or injector, as this may result in infection and/or intraocular inflammation, as well as occurrence of potential postoperative adverse events as shown below under "Potential Complications."• There are no known compatibility issues with the iStent inject® W and other intraoperative devices. (e.g., viscoelastics) or glaucoma medications. • Unused product & packaging may be disposed of in accordance with facility procedures. Implanted medical devices and contaminated products must be disposed of as medical waste. • The surgeon should monitor the patient postoperatively for proper maintenance of intraocular pressure. If intraocular pressure is not adequately maintained after surgery, the surgeon should consider an appropriate treatment regimen to reduce intraocular pressure. • Patients should be informed that placement of the stents, without concomitant cataract surgery in phakic patients, can enhance the formation or progression of cataract. ADVERSE EVENTS: Please refer to Directions For Use for additional adverse event information. CAUTION: Please reference the Directions For Use labelling for a complete list of contraindications, warnings and adverse events.

Glaukos®, iStent®, iStent inject® and iStent inject® W are registered trademarks of Glaukos Corporation. All rights reserved. ©2024. PM-EU-0284