We noticed you’re blocking ads

Thanks for visiting CRSTEurope. Our advertisers are important supporters of this site, and content cannot be accessed if ad-blocking software is activated.

In order to avoid adverse performance issues with this site, please white list https://crstodayeurope.com in your ad blocker then refresh this page.

Need help? Click here for instructions.

Inside Eyetube.net | Oct 2013

Solving Post-LASIK Cataracts With an Adjustable IOL

A good indication for use of the LAL.

As cataract surgeons are discovering with increasing frequency, calculating IOL power in post-LASIK patients is challenging. An IOL with a power that can be modified following implantation is one solution to achieving better visual outcomes in these eyes. Recently, I implanted the Light Adjustable Lens (LAL; Calhoun Vision) in a 36-year-old man with a traumatic cataract who had previously undergone bilateral LASIK. 1

A COMPLEX SITUATION

Two months after undergoing bilateral LASIK in April 1999, Patient A sustained a work-related injury. Hydraulic fluid entered his left eye at high force, causing the LASIK flap to fall off the stromal bed and wrinkle. The original surgeon repaired the flap, but Patient A subsequently developed high intraocular pressure, which was then also managed by the original surgeon. After the accident, however, visual acuity in his left eye remained poor for several years.

In February 2011, Patient A came to my clinic for a second opinion. Distance UCVA in his right and left eyes was 20/25 and 20/160, respectively. The manifest refraction in his left eye was -4.75 +1.00 X 130º, with poor pupil response. Slit-lamp examination revealed a superior hinged flap in both eyes and significant droplets in the interface in the left eye that were likely oil droplets from the hydraulic fluid. Patient A also showed evidence of an anterior subcapsular spoke-like cataract. Lifting the flap and washing out the oil droplets led to a significant improvement in higher-order aberrations.

At his next visit 3 months later, manifest refraction and distance UCVA in the left eye declined to -5.50 -0.25 X 130º and 20/200, respectively. Due to the presence of the traumatic cataract and subjective glare, we discussed options for further treatment, including LASIK enhancement followed by conventional cataract surgery. Instead, we agreed on implantation of the LAL, which allows IOL power adjustment after surgery. In eyes with previous refractive surgery, this feature offers the ability to optimize the refractive result.

CALCULATION CHALLENGES, A SOLUTION

Due to the corneal alterations induced by refractive surgery, determining the keratometry (K) value and the effective lens position proved to be difficult in this case.2,3 Several strategies and formulas exist for calculating K values in post-LASIK eyes, including the clinical history, Hamed, and Feinz-Mannis methods, which use pre- and post-LASIK measurements to calculate IOL power. 4-6 In some cases, however, pre-LASIK records are either unavailable or inaccurate. 7,8 Other methods include contact lens over-refraction, Maloney-Wang, Haigis-L, consensus K, and Shammas; phakic autorefractometry can also be used.8-14 Unfortunately, no method is 100% accurate, and the techniques are often inconsistent across patients.15

I decided to implant the LAL in Patient A’s left eye because it circumvents the need to precisely predict IOL power before cataract surgery. After the LAL was implanted and the power was adjusted with ultraviolet (UV) light treatments, Patient A achieved a refraction of 0.50 D and a distance UCVA of 20/20. Today, he is one of my happiest patients. After many years of practitioners telling him nothing could be done to improve his vision, he was satisfied with his results with the LAL, including reduced glare.

For two other perspectives on Patient A’s case, see My Surgical Approach on page 41.

A few months after treating Patient A, I attended the 2011 Canadian Ophthalmology Society meeting and listened to Lawrence A. Brierley, MD, of British Columbia, Canada, present multicenter results with the LAL in post-LASIK patients. 16 Of 16 eyes treated at three centers, 75% achieved a refraction within ±0.25 D of intended correction and 94% achieved a refraction within ±0.50 D. Like these multicenter study results, my own experience suggests that the LAL can help post-LASIK patients achieve excellent visual outcomes after cataract surgery.

DISCUSSION

Approximately 10% of my cataract patients have previously undergone LASIK. In these instances, implanting the LAL avoids the need to predict IOL power with pinpoint precision and allows me to tweak the lens power after surgery based on the patient’s visual acuity and manifest refraction.

This lens has the potential to shift the focus of refractive predictability from developing more accurate IOL power formulas to customizing lens power postoperatively.

Guillermo Rocha, MD, FRCSC, practices at GRMC Vision Centre, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada. Dr. Rocha states that he has no financial interests in the products or companies mentioned. He may be reached at e-mail: rochag@wcgwave.ca.

  1. Rocha G, Mednick ZA. Light-adjustable intraocular lens in post-LASIK and post-traumatic cataract patient. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2012;38:1101-1104.
  2. Randleman JB, Loupe DN, Song CD, et al. Intraocular lens power calculations after laser in situ keratomileusis. Cornea. 2002;21:751-755.
  3. Norrby S. Sources of error in intraocular lens power calculation. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2008;34:368-376.
  4. Naseri A, McLeod SD. Cataract surgery after refractive surgery. Current Opin Ophthalmol. 2010;21:35-38.
  5. Holladay JT. Consultations in refractive surgery [comment]. Refract
  6. Feiz V, Mannis MJ, Garcia-Ferrer F, et al. Intraocular lens power calculation after laser in situ keratomileusis for myopia and hyperopia: a standardized approach. Cornea. 2001;20:792-797.
  7. Wang L, Booth MA, Koch DD. Comparison of intraocular lens power calculation methods in eyes that have undergone LASIK. Ophthalmology. 2004;111:1825-1831.
  8. Diehl JW, Yu F, Olson MD, et al. Intraocular lens power adjustment nomogram after laser in situ keratomileusis. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2009;35:1587-1590.
  9. Koch DD, Wang L. IOL calculations following refractive surgery. ASCRS Symposium on Cataract, IOL and Refractive Surgery; San Diego, California; April 27-May 2, 2007. 10. Shammas HJ, Shammas MC, Garabet A, et al. Correcting the corneal power measurements for intraocular lens power calculations after myopic laser in situ keratomileusis. Am J Ophthalmol. 2003;136:426-432.
  10. Haigis W, Lege B, Miller N, et al. Comparison of immersion ultrasound biometry and partial coherence interferometry for intraocular lens calculation according to Haigis. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2000;238:765-773.
  11. Mackool RJ, Ko W, Mackool R. Intraocular lens power calculation after laser in situ keratomileusis: aphakic refraction technique. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2006;32:435-437.
  12. Ianchulev T, Salz J, Hoffer K, et al. Intraoperative optical refractive biometry for intraocular lens power estimation without axial length and keratometry measurements. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2005;31:1530-1536.
  13. Wang L, Booth MA, Koch DD. Comparison of intraocular lens power calculation methods in eyes that have undergone LASIK. Ophthalmology. 2004;111:1825-1831.
  14. Chayet A, Sandstedt C, Chang S, et al. Correction of myopia after cataract surgery with a light-adjustable lens. Ophthalmology. 2009;116:1432-1435.
  15. Brierley LA. Precision of IOL refractive power adjustment of the Light Adjustable Lens (LAL) in post-refractive surgery patients. Paper presented at: the Canadian Ophthalmological Society; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; June 9-12, 2011.

NEXT IN THIS ISSUE